GM loses $1.2 billion in 3rd quarter, speeds repayment of U.S. loans

General Motors Company announced today that it lost $1.2 billion in the third quarter after emerging from bankruptcy in July. The Detroit automaker posted revenue of $28 billion in the third quarter of 2009, which was up $4.9 billion compared to the “Old GM,” in the second quarter of 2009.

General Motors also said that it will begin repaying $6.7 billion in U.S. loans later this year, ahead of when it is required.

“We have significantly more work to do, but today”s results provide evidence of the solid foundation we”re building for the new GM,” said GM President and CEO Fritz Henderson. “With a healthier balance sheet and a competitive cost structure, our focus is on driving top line performance. We”ll achieve that by winning customers over, one at a time, with vehicles that deliver performance and value.”

Click through for the press release for more details on GM’s third-quarter earnings.

Press Release:

General Motors Announces the New Company”s July 10-September 30 Preliminary Managerial Results

* Operating actions result in EBIT loss before special items of $261 million and managerial net loss of $1.2 billion

* Continued progress on structural cost reductions

* Healthier balance sheet with significantly lower debt

* $3.3 billion positive managerial operating cash flow favorably impacted by working capital; $42.6 billion third quarter liquidity position expected to decline materially in the fourth quarter

* Accelerated plan to repay U.S. and Canadian taxpayers; first $1.2 billion payment in December

DETROIT ““ General Motors Company (GM) released today preliminary non-GAAP managerial results1 for its first 83 days of operation, providing an initial look at its financial performance since it began operations as a new company on July 10, 2009.

Preliminary Non-GAAP Managerial Results

“Old GM”
July 1
July 9, 2009

July 10Sept. 30, 2009

Net revenue



Earnings before interest and taxes
(before special items)



Net interest



Special items



Earnings before taxes






Total managerial income/(loss)



Managerial operating cash flow
( before special items)($bils)



Global cash and cash-related balance ($bils)




GM posted revenue of $28.0 billion in the third quarter of 2009 ( July 1-Sept. 30, 2009), which was up approximately $4.9 billion compared to the revenue recognized by General Motors Corporation, or “Old GM,” in the second quarter of 2009.

The improvement was largely attributed to a higher global seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 67.8 million units in the third quarter, compared to 62.7 million units in the second quarter of 2009, and GM”s stabilizing global share. In China, Brazil, India and Russia (BRIC), GM had 13.0 percent of the combined market share in the third quarter, up 0.2 percentage points from the second quarter of 2009.

GM”s global share was 11.9 percent in the third quarter, up 0.3 percentage points from the first half of the year for Old GM. GM”s U.S. market share in the third quarter was 19.5 percent, flat in relation to Old GM”s U.S. share for the first half of the year.

GM finished the third quarter with U.S. dealer inventories of approximately 424,000 vehicles; a reduction of approximately 158,000 units from the end of the second quarter.

Contributing to GM”s sales in the U.S. was the strong retail performance of some of its newest vehicles, including the Chevrolet Camaro and GMC Terrain, as well as the Chevrolet Equinox, Buick LaCrosse and Cadillac SRX which are generating higher average transaction prices and higher residual values than previous model year vehicles.

In other markets around the world, strong consumer appeal for a number of GM”s newest vehicles including the Holden and Chevrolet Cruze, Daewoo Matiz Creative, Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Chevrolet Agile are helping to reclaim global share. In fact, the Astra recently claimed its first major award by winning the prestigious Golden Steering Wheel award by the Auto Bild magazine and the Agile was just elected the 2010 Car of the Year by AutoEsporte magazine in Brazil.

The China market in particular is proving to be a strong contributor for the company”s results. Maintaining a leading market share position in China, GM and its joint venture partners continue to see an upward trend, selling more than 478,000 vehicles in the third quarter of 2009, up from approximately 451,000 and 364,000 units in the second and first quarters, respectively.

Managerial Results

After the inclusion of special items, GM”s managerial earnings before tax for the July 10-Sept. 30 period was a loss of $1.0 billion. GM recorded special items for the same period of $505 million, attributed primarily to dealer restructuring, attrition-related charges and Delphi.3 For the July 10-Sept. 30 period GM posted a managerial loss after-tax of $1.2 billion.

GM managerial earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) before special items for the July 10-Sept. 30 period was a loss of $261 million, with GM North America reporting a loss of $651 million and GM International Operations reporting a profit of $238 million. Managerial earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) was $1.5 billion before special items.

Total structural cost for the company has been significantly reduced by the resizing and delayering of the company including salaried and hourly headcount reductions, engineering savings and volume related savings. GM structural cost for the period July 10-Sept. 30, 2009 was $9.1 billion. Structural cost for Old GM for the period Jan. 1-July 9, 2009 was $22.0 billion. For the 9-month period ending September 30, 2008, Old GM had structural cost of $37.8 billion.

Structural Cost


“Old GM”
Jan. 1
– Sept. 30, 2008

“Old GM”
Jan. 1 – July 9, 2009

July 10 – Sept. 30, 2009

Total Structural Cost




While financial statements between Old GM and GM are not comparable, the above structural costs breakdowns for the two companies are provided for perspective.

Balance Sheet and Cash

For the period July 10-Sept. 30, GM had positive managerial operating cash flow before special items of $3.3 billion, reflecting the favorable working capital impact from production start up, timing of supplier payments and lower capital spending. The favorable working capital impact is not expected to repeat itself in the fourth quarter (see the “Looking Ahead” section below). For the period July 1-July 9, Old GM had negative operating cash flow of $3.6 billion, reflecting extremely low production in North America.

As of September 30, 2009, cash and marketable securities totaled $42.6 billion. Included in this amount was $17.4 billion held in escrowed funds from the United States Treasury (UST) and Export Development Canada (EDC), with $8.1 billion of this amount allocable for future repayments of the UST and EDC loans, $2.8 billion for the recently completed Delphi settlement and $900 million for healthcare in Canada, leaving a remaining escrow cash balance of $5.6 billion.

In light of improving global economic conditions, stabilizing industry sales and its healthier cash position, GM announced today that it plans to accelerate repayment of its outstanding $6.7 billion in UST loans as well as the C$1.5 billion (US$1.4 billion) in EDC loans ahead of the scheduled maturity date of July 2015.

GM plans to repay the United States, Canadian and Ontario government loans in quarterly installments from escrowed funds, beginning next month with an initial $1.2 billion payment to be made in December ($1.0 billion to the UST and $192 million to the EDC), followed by quarterly payments. Any escrowed funds available as of June 30, 2010 would be used to repay the UST and EDC loans unless the escrowed funds were extended one year by the UST. Any balance of funds would be released to GM after the repayment of the UST and EDC loans.

In addition, the company has begun to repay the German government loans which were extended to support Opel, and had a balance of €900 million (~US$1.3 billion) as of September 30, 2009. Opel has already repaid €500 million (~US$0.7 billion) of that in November, and will repay the remaining €400 million (~US$0.6 billion) balance by the end of the month. The cash balance in Europe as of September 30, 2009 was US$2.9 billion.

GM”s total debt as of September 30, 2009 was $17 billion, including $6.7 billion in U.S. government loans, $1.4 billion in Canadian government loans, $1.3 billion in German government loans and $7.6 billion in other debt globally. The $17 billion debt level does not include the UAW or CAW VEBA notes or preferred stock, which are $2.5 billion, $0.7 billion and $9 billion, respectively. While GM has reached settlements for the UAW and CAW VEBAs, the debt associated with the agreements will not be recognized until all preconditions are met and they become effective, which will be December 31, 2009 or later. Prior to the start of the new GM, total debt of Old GM was $94.7 billion as of July 9, 2009.

Looking Ahead

Globally, GM expects total vehicle industry volume to moderate in the fourth quarter of 2009, with an estimated SAAR to be approximately 65.4 million units, down from 67.8 million units in the third quarter. Following the expiration of the successful “˜Cash for Clunkers” stimulus program in the U.S. which contributed to GM”s strong sales in the third quarter, the company anticipates the U.S. industry total vehicle SAAR volume in the fourth quarter will be approximately 10.7 million units, compared to 11.7 million units in the third quarter.

Looking ahead to 2010, GM anticipates modest growth, with total industry volumes estimated at 62 to 65 million units, with a modest recovery in the U.S. market where the outlook for the 2010 calendar year for total vehicles is estimated at 11-12 million units.

GM expects to have negative net cash flows in the fourth quarter of 2009 due to a number of factors including cash outflows relating to the Delphi settlement of $2.8 billion, the working capital impact of payment term adjustments of approximately $2 billion, payments for U.S., Canada, Ontario and Germany government loans of approximately $2.5 billion and continuing restructuring cash costs of approximately $1 billion. As a result, global cash balances at the end of 2009 are expected to be materially lower than third quarter levels of $42.6 billion.

– By: Omar Rana